ᠮᠦᠨᠢᠾᠧᠢ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠬᠠᠮᠤᠭ ᠤᠨ ᠰᠠᠢ᠌ᠨ ᠨᠢᠲᠤᠨ ᠤ ᠨᠡᠷᠡᠰ ᠃

ᠬᠡᠷᠪᠡ ᠲᠠ ᠮᠦᠨᠢ ᠬᠠᠷ᠎ᠠ ᠨᠢᠭᠡ ᠰᠠᠢ᠌ᠨ ᠮᠢᠬ᠎ᠠ ᠡᠷᠢᠵᠦ ᠪᠠᠢ᠌ᠪᠠᠯ ᠲᠠ ᠣᠯᠠᠨ ᠵᠦᠢᠯ ᠦᠨ ᠰᠤᠩᠭᠤᠯᠲᠠ ᠲᠠᠢ ᠪᠣᠯᠣᠨ᠎ᠠ ᠃ ᠡᠨᠡ ᠬᠣᠲᠠ ᠡᠯ᠎ᠡ ᠵᠦᠢᠯ ᠦᠨ ᠮᠢᠬ᠎ᠠ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠳᠡᠯᠭᠡᠭᠦᠷ ᠬᠠᠩᠭᠠᠵᠤ ᠂ ᠶᠠᠰᠤ ᠴᠢᠨᠠᠷ ᠂ ᠤᠯᠠᠮᠵᠢᠯᠠᠯ ᠪᠣᠯᠣᠨ ᠰᠢᠨ᠎ᠡ ᠡᠭᠦᠳᠦᠯᠲᠡ ᠪᠡᠷ ᠢᠶᠡᠨ ᠠᠯᠳᠠᠷᠰᠢᠵᠠᠢ ᠃ ᠲᠠ ᠡᠯᠪᠡᠭ᠌ ᠴᠠᠭᠠᠨ ᠰᠢᠶᠠᠩᠴᠠᠩ ᠭᠡᠳᠡᠰᠦ ᠂ ᠵᠥᠭᠡᠯᠡᠨ ᠦᠬᠡᠷ ᠦᠨ ᠬᠥᠯ ᠪᠤᠶᠤ ᠨᠠᠷᠢᠯᠢᠭ ᠰᠠᠢ᠌ᠬᠠᠨ ᠦᠨᠦᠷᠲᠦ ᠭᠡᠳᠡᠰᠦᠨ ᠦ ᠣᠨᠴᠠᠯᠢᠭ ᠲᠠᠢ ᠵᠠᠭᠤᠰᠢ ᠢᠳᠡᠬᠦ ᠭᠡᠰᠡᠨ ᠴᠤ ᠲᠡᠷᠡ ᠂ ᠲᠠ ᠮᠢᠬᠠᠨ ᠤ ᠵᠦᠢᠯ ᠢ ᠡᠳ᠋ᠯᠡᠬᠦ ᠬᠠᠮᠤᠭ ᠤᠨ ᠰᠠᠢ᠌ᠨ ᠬᠠᠶᠢᠭ ᠢ ᠡᠷᠢᠵᠦ ᠣᠯᠵᠤ ᠪᠣᠯᠣᠨ᠎ᠠ ᠃ ᠡᠨᠡ ᠪᠥᠸᠧ ᠸᠧᠨ ᠳᠣᠲᠣᠷ᠎ᠠ ᠂ ᠪᠢᠳᠡ ᠲᠠᠨ ᠤ ᠲᠣᠭᠣᠷᠢᠨ ᠦᠵᠡᠬᠦ ᠶᠣᠰᠣᠲᠠᠢ ᠮᠦᠨᠢᠾᠧᠢ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠬᠠᠮᠤᠭ ᠤᠨ ᠰᠠᠢ᠌ᠨ ᠮᠢᠬ᠎ᠠ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠳᠡᠯᠭᠡᠭᠦᠷ ᠦᠨ ᠳᠡᠭᠡᠳᠦ ᠳᠡᠰ ᠦᠨ ᠨᠡᠷᠡᠰ ᠢ ᠲᠠᠨᠢᠯᠴᠠᠭᠤᠯᠵᠠᠢ ᠃

1. ᠱᠢᠯᠠᠭ ᠪᠣᠷᠤᠬᠣᠷ ᠮᠢᠬ᠎ᠠ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠳᠡᠯᠭᠡᠭᠦᠷ ᠄ ᠡᠨᠡ ᠮᠢᠬ᠎ᠠ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠳᠡᠯᠭᠡᠭᠦᠷ ᠪᠣᠯ ᠨᠢᠭᠡ ᠵᠢᠩᠬᠢᠨᠢ ᠭᠡᠷ ᠪᠥᠯᠢ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠠᠵᠤ ᠠᠬᠤᠶᠢᠯᠠᠯ ᠂ 1902 ᠣᠨ ᠠᠴᠠ ᠨᠠᠰᠢ ᠣᠷᠣᠰᠢᠵᠤ ᠪᠠᠶᠢᠨ᠎ᠠ ᠂ ᠣᠳᠣ ᠳᠥᠷᠪᠡᠳᠦᠭᠡᠷ ᠦᠶ᠎ᠡ ᠡᠴᠡ ᠡᠵᠡᠩᠨᠡᠵᠦ ᠪᠠᠶᠢᠨ᠎ᠠ ᠃ ᠡᠨᠳᠡ ᠂ ᠪᠤᠢ ᠪᠥᠬᠥᠢ ᠦᠢᠯᠡᠳᠬᠦᠨ ᠢ ᠪᠦᠷ ᠳᠣᠲᠣᠭᠠᠳᠤ ᠳᠠᠭᠠᠨ ᠦᠢᠯᠡᠳᠦᠭᠰᠡᠨ ᠶᠤᠮ ᠂ ᠰᠢᠶᠠᠩᠴᠠᠩ ᠠᠴᠠ ᠬᠢᠮ᠎ᠡ ᠬᠦᠷᠲᠡᠯ᠎ᠡ ᠳᠠᠬᠢᠨ ᠮᠢᠬ᠎ᠠ ᠪᠣᠣᠪᠣ ᠬᠦᠷᠲᠡᠯ᠎ᠡ ᠃ ᠮᠢᠬᠠᠨ ᠤ ᠳᠡᠯᠭᠡᠭᠦᠷ ᠦᠨ ᠰᠧᠯᠠᠺᠠ ᠣᠷᠣᠨ ᠪᠦᠰᠡ ᠪᠣᠯᠤᠨ ᠠᠮᠢᠳᠤ ᠪᠣᠳᠠᠰ ᠤᠨ ᠳᠦᠷᠰᠦ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠲᠣᠬᠢᠷᠠᠮᠵᠢᠲᠠᠶ ᠮᠠᠯ ᠠᠵᠤ ᠠᠬᠤᠶ ᠶᠢ ᠲᠤᠩ ᠴᠢᠬᠤᠯᠠᠴᠢᠯᠠᠵᠤ᠂ ᠵᠥᠪᠬᠡᠨ ᠲᠠᠷᠢᠶᠠᠯᠠᠩ ᠤᠨ ᠲᠠᠯᠠᠪᠠᠶ ᠠᠴᠠ ᠢᠷᠡᠭᠰᠡᠨ ᠮᠢᠬᠠᠨ ᠤ ᠵᠦᠢᠯ ᠢ ᠬᠡᠷᠡᠭᠯᠡᠨ᠎ᠡ᠃ ᠣᠨᠴᠠᠭᠠᠶᠢᠯᠠᠨ ᠤᠭᠲᠤᠭᠳᠠᠵᠤ ᠪᠠᠶᠢᠭ᠎ᠠ ᠨᠢ ᠥᠪᠡᠷ ᠢᠶᠡᠨ ᠦᠢᠯᠡᠳᠦᠭᠰᠡᠨ ᠮᠦᠨᠢ ᠬᠠᠷ᠎ᠠ ᠴᠠᠭᠠᠨ ᠦᠨᠦᠷᠲᠦ ᠭᠡᠳᠡᠰᠦ ᠂ ᠡᠳᠦᠷ ᠪᠥᠷᠢ ᠰᠢᠨ᠎ᠡ ᠰᠣᠷᠭᠣᠭ ᠦᠢᠯᠡᠳᠪᠦᠷᠢᠯᠡᠳᠡᠭ ᠃ ᠡᠭᠦᠨ ᠡᠴᠡ ᠭᠠᠳᠠᠨ᠎ᠠ ᠂ ᠮᠢᠬᠠᠨ ᠤ ᠳᠡᠯᠭᠡᠭᠦᠷ ᠦᠨ ᠰᠧᠺᠠᠺᠦᠢᠯ ᠬᠣᠭᠣᠯᠠ ᠤᠮᠳᠠᠭᠠᠨ ᠤ ᠦᠢᠯᠡᠴᠢᠯᠡᠭᠡ ᠬᠠᠩᠭᠠᠨ᠎ᠠ ᠂ ᠲᠠ ᠠᠮᠲᠠᠲᠤ ᠮᠢᠬᠠᠨ ᠤ ᠵᠦᠢᠯ ᠪᠣᠯᠣᠨ ᠰᠢᠶᠠᠩ ᠭᠡᠳᠡᠰᠦ ᠪᠡᠷ ᠮᠠᠭᠤ ᠵᠣᠴᠢᠨ ᠢ ᠨᠡᠮᠡᠵᠦ ᠪᠣᠯᠣᠨ᠎ᠠ ᠃

2. ᠮᠢᠬᠠᠨ ᠤ ᠳᠡᠯᠭᠡᠭᠦᠷ ᠸᠢᠨᠰᠫᠧᠨᠮᠧᠷ ᠄ ᠮᠢᠬᠠᠨ ᠤ ᠳᠡᠯᠭᠡᠭᠦᠷ ᠸᠢᠸᠠ ᠮᠦᠨᠢᠾᠦᠢᠢ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠨᠢᠭᠡᠨ ᠪᠠᠶᠢᠭᠤᠯᠤᠮᠵᠢ ᠂ ᠲᠤᠰ ᠬᠣᠲᠠ ᠵᠢᠴᠢ ᠡᠷᠭᠢᠨ ᠲᠣᠭᠣᠷᠢᠨ ᠤ ᠭᠠᠵᠠᠷ ᠣᠷᠣᠨ ᠳᠤ カᠣ ᠭᠠᠷᠤᠶ ᠬᠤᠪᠢᠶᠠᠷᠢ ᠳᠡᠯᠭᠡᠭᠦᠷ ᠲᠡᠶ ᠃ ᠲᠤᠰ ᠭᠦᠩᠰᠧ 1902 ᠣᠨ ᠳᠤ ᠪᠠᠢ᠌ᠭᠤᠯᠤᠭᠳᠠᠵᠤ ᠂ ᠴᠢᠨᠠᠷ ᠰᠠᠢ᠌ᠲᠠᠢ ᠪᠠ ᠰᠢᠨ᠎ᠡ ᠰᠣᠷᠭᠣᠭ ᠬᠡᠮᠵᠢᠶ᠎ᠡ ᠪᠡᠷ ᠢᠶᠡᠨ ᠠᠯᠳᠠᠷᠰᠢᠵᠠᠢ ᠃ ᠸᠢᠨᠰᠫᠧᠮᠧᠷ ᠮᠢᠬ᠎ᠠ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠳᠡᠯᠭᠡᠭᠦᠷ ᠨᠢ ᠤᠯᠠᠮᠵᠢᠯᠠᠯᠲᠤ ᠢᠳᠡᠭᠡᠨ ᠦ ᠴᠠᠳᠢᠭ ᠢ ᠦᠨᠳᠦᠰᠦᠯᠡᠨ ᠦᠢᠯᠡᠳᠦᠭᠰᠡᠨ ᠮᠢᠬᠠᠨ ᠤ ᠵᠦᠢᠯ ᠪᠣᠯᠣᠨ ᠰᠢᠶᠠᠩᠴᠠᠩ ᠭᠡᠳᠡᠰᠦᠨ ᠦ ᠦᠢᠯᠡᠳᠬᠦᠨ ᠬᠠᠩᠭᠠᠨ᠎ᠠ ᠃ ᠡᠭᠦᠨ ᠡᠴᠡ ᠭᠠᠳᠠᠨ᠎ᠠ ᠂ ᠪᠠᠭᠤᠳᠠᠯ ᠪᠠᠰᠠ ᠡᠯ᠎ᠡ ᠵᠦᠢᠯ ᠦᠨ ᠪᠣᠯᠪᠠᠰᠤᠷᠠᠩᠭᠤᠶ ᠢᠳᠡᠭᠡᠨ ᠦ ᠪᠥᠲᠥᠭᠡᠭᠳᠡᠬᠦᠨ ᠬᠠᠩᠭᠠᠨ᠎ᠠ ᠂ ᠵᠢᠱᠢᠶᠡᠯᠡᠪᠡᠯ ᠪᠢᠰᠢᠯᠠᠭ ᠂ ᠰᠠᠯᠠ ᠂ ᠱᠥᠯᠥ ᠪᠣᠯᠣᠨ ᠢᠳᠡᠭᠡᠨ ᠬᠠᠩᠭᠠᠨ᠎ᠠ ᠃ ᠨᠢᠭᠡ ᠭᠢᠯᠠᠰ ᠴᠡᠭ ᠪᠣᠯ Vinnrr ᠪᠦᠯᠦᠭ ᠦᠨ ᠦᠢᠯᠡᠴᠢᠯᠡᠭᠡ ᠂ ᠲᠠ ᠲᠠᠨ ᠤ ᠪᠡᠯᠭᠡᠯᠡᠬᠦ ᠠᠵᠢᠯᠯᠠᠭ᠎ᠠ ᠳᠤ ᠡᠯᠪᠡᠭ ᠳᠡᠯᠪᠡᠭ ᠥᠪᠡᠷ ᠢ ᠪᠡᠨ ᠦᠢᠯᠡᠴᠢᠯᠡᠬᠦ ᠬᠣᠭᠣᠯᠠ ᠲᠣᠬᠢᠷᠠᠭᠤᠯᠵᠤ ᠪᠣᠯᠣᠨ᠎ᠠ ᠃

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3. ᠮᠠᠭᠨᠦᠢᠰ ᠪᠣᠪᠾᠧ ᠮᠢᠬ᠎ᠠ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠳᠡᠯᠭᠡᠭᠦᠷ ᠄ ᠮᠠᠭᠨᠦᠢᠰ ᠪᠣᠪᠾᠧ ᠮᠢᠬ᠎ᠠ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠳᠡᠯᠭᠡᠭᠦᠷ ᠪᠣᠯ ᠣᠳᠣ ᠦᠶ᠎ᠡ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠪᠥᠭᠡᠳ ᠪᠦᠲᠦᠭᠡᠯᠴᠢ ᠲᠥᠰᠦᠪ ᠲᠡᠶ ᠮᠢᠬᠠᠨ ᠤ ᠳᠡᠯᠭᠡᠭᠦᠷ ᠪᠠᠶᠢᠵᠤ ᠂ ᠰᠢᠨ᠎ᠡ ᠶᠢ ᠡᠭᠦᠳᠬᠦ ᠦᠢᠯᠡᠳᠬᠦᠨ ᠢᠶᠡᠷ ᠴᠣᠯᠭᠣᠷᠠᠨ ᠭᠠᠷᠴᠠᠶ ᠃ ᠮᠢᠬᠠᠨ ᠤ ᠳᠡᠯᠭᠡᠭᠦᠷ アケイク ᠣᠨ ᠳᠤ ᠪᠠᠶᠢᠭᠤᠯᠤᠭᠳᠠᠵᠠᠢ ᠂ ᠣᠳᠣ ᠪᠢᠴᠢᠬᠠᠨ ᠮᠠᠭᠨᠦᠢᠰ ᠪᠣᠾᠧ ᠪᠣᠣᠾᠧ ᠡᠴᠡ ᠬᠠᠮᠢᠶᠠᠷᠴᠤ ᠂ ᠲᠡᠷᠡ ᠬᠡᠷᠡᠭᠯᠡᠭᠴᠢᠳ ᠲᠦ ᠰᠢᠨ᠎ᠡ ᠪᠣᠳᠣᠯ ᠢ ᠲᠠᠰᠤᠷᠠᠯᠲᠠ ᠦᠭᠡᠶ ᠨᠡᠭᠡᠭᠡᠵᠦ ᠥᠭᠴᠡᠶ ᠃ ᠰᠤᠩᠭᠤᠳᠠᠭ ᠮᠢᠬᠠᠨ ᠤ ᠵᠦᠢᠯ ᠪᠣᠯᠣᠨ ᠰᠢᠶᠠᠩᠴᠠᠩ ᠤᠨ ᠪᠥᠲᠥᠭᠡᠭᠳᠡᠬᠦᠨ ᠡᠴᠡ ᠭᠠᠳᠠᠨ᠎ᠠ ᠂ ᠲᠠ ᠪᠠᠰᠠ ᠶᠡᠷᠦ ᠪᠤᠰᠤ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠵᠣᠬᠢᠶᠠᠨ ᠪᠦᠲᠦᠭᠡᠬᠦ ᠂ ᠵᠢᠱᠢᠶᠡᠯᠡᠪᠡᠯ ᠲᠠᠬᠢᠶᠠᠨ ᠵᠢᠭᠠᠰᠤᠨ ᠤ ᠦᠨᠦᠷ ᠂ ᠡᠯᠢᠭᠡᠨ ᠦ ᠦᠨᠦᠷ ᠪᠤᠶᠤ ᠮᠠᠨᠺᠠᠯᠢ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠴᠠᠬᠠᠷ ᠤᠨ ᠦᠨᠳᠦᠰᠦ ᠶᠢ ᠢᠯᠡᠷᠡᠭᠦᠯᠦᠨ᠎ᠡ ᠃ ᠮᠢᠬᠠᠨ ᠤ ᠳᠡᠯᠭᠡᠭᠦᠷ ᠮᠦᠭᠸᠯᠰ ᠪᠧᠺ ᠵᠥᠪᠬᠡᠨ ᠠᠮᠢᠳᠤ ᠪᠣᠳᠠᠰ ᠤᠨ ᠳᠦᠷᠰᠦ ᠳᠦ ᠲᠣᠬᠢᠷᠠᠬᠤ ᠬᠡᠯᠪᠡᠷᠢ ᠪᠡᠷ ᠲᠡᠵᠢᠭᠡᠨ ᠠᠷᠠᠴᠢᠯᠠᠬᠤ ᠪᠠ ᠲᠡᠵᠢᠭᠡᠬᠦ ᠠᠮᠢᠲᠠᠨ ᠤ ᠮᠢᠬ᠎ᠠ ᠶᠢ ᠬᠡᠷᠡᠭᠯᠡᠨ᠎ᠡ ᠃ ᠡᠭᠦᠨ ᠡᠴᠡ ᠭᠠᠳᠠᠨ᠎ᠠ ᠂ ᠮᠢᠬ᠎ᠠ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠳᠡᠯᠭᠡᠭᠦᠷ ᠪᠠᠰᠠ ᠰᠦᠯᠵᠢᠶᠡᠨ ᠳᠡᠭᠡᠷᠡᠬᠢ ᠳᠡᠯᠭᠡᠭᠦᠷ ᠬᠠᠩᠭᠠᠨ᠎ᠠ ᠂ ᠲᠠ ᠲᠤᠰ ᠳᠡᠯᠭᠡᠭᠦᠷ ᠢᠶᠡᠷ ᠳᠠᠮᠵᠢᠨ ᠵᠠᠬᠢᠶᠠᠯᠠᠭ᠎ᠠ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠬᠠᠭᠤᠳᠠᠰᠤ ᠪᠠᠨ ᠲᠠᠨ ᠤ ᠭᠡᠷ ᠲᠦ ᠬᠦᠷᠭᠡᠵᠦ ᠪᠣᠯᠣᠨ᠎ᠠ ᠃

4. ᠮᠢᠬᠠᠨ ᠤ ᠳᠡᠯᠭᠡᠭᠦᠷ ᠦᠨ Landfrau᠄ ᠮᠢᠬᠠᠨ ᠤ ᠳᠡᠯᠭᠡᠭᠦᠷ ᠦᠨ Lanffrauuu ᠪᠣᠯ ᠨᠢᠭᠡ ᠣᠷᠭᠠᠨᠢᠭ ᠮᠢᠬ᠎ᠠ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠳᠡᠯᠭᠡᠭᠦᠷ ᠪᠣᠯᠬᠤ ᠪᠥᠭᠡᠳ ᠲᠤᠰᠬᠠᠶᠢᠯᠠᠨ ᠭᠦᠵᠡᠯᠵᠡᠭᠡᠨ᠎ᠡ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠦᠬᠡᠷ ᠦᠨ ᠮᠢᠬ᠎ᠠ ᠪᠣᠯᠤᠨ᠎ᠠ᠃ ᠡᠳᠡᠭᠡᠷ ᠠᠮᠢᠲᠠᠨ ᠨᠢ ᠣᠷᠭᠠᠨᠢᠭ ᠮᠠᠯᠵᠢᠯ ᠤᠨ ᠲᠠᠯᠠᠪᠠᠶ ᠳᠤ ᠲᠡᠵᠢᠭᠡᠭᠳᠡᠵᠦ᠂ ᠡᠪᠡᠰᠦ ᠪᠣᠯᠤᠨ ᠡᠪᠡᠰᠦᠨ ᠡᠮ ᠢᠶᠡᠷ ᠢᠳᠡᠰᠢ ᠪᠣᠯᠭᠠᠪᠠ᠃ ᠮᠢᠬ᠎ᠠ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠣᠨᠴᠠᠯᠢᠭ ᠪᠣᠯ ᠠᠮᠲᠠ ᠨᠢ ᠥᠳᠬᠡᠨ ᠂ ᠵᠥᠭᠡᠯᠡᠨ ᠬᠡᠮᠵᠢᠶ᠎ᠡ ᠨᠢ ᠥᠨᠳᠥᠷ ᠃ ᠮᠢᠬᠠᠨ ᠤ ᠳᠡᠯᠭᠡᠭᠦᠷ Landfrau ᠡᠯ᠎ᠡ ᠵᠦᠢᠯ ᠦᠨ ᠬᠡᠯᠪᠡᠷᠢ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠦᠬᠡᠷ ᠦᠨ ᠮᠢᠬ᠎ᠠ ᠬᠠᠩᠭᠠᠨ᠎ᠠ ᠂ ᠵᠢᠱᠢᠶᠡᠯᠡᠪᠡᠯ ᠪᠥᠭᠡᠷᠡᠩᠬᠡᠢ ᠦᠬᠡᠷ ᠦᠨ ᠮᠢᠬ᠎ᠠ ᠂ ᠰᠢᠷᠠᠭᠰᠠᠨ ᠦᠬᠡᠷ ᠦᠨ ᠮᠢᠬ᠎ᠠ ᠪᠤᠶᠤ ᠦᠬᠡᠷ ᠦᠨ ᠮᠢᠬ᠎ᠠ ᠴᠢᠨᠠᠳᠠᠭ ᠃ ᠪᠠᠰᠠ ᠣᠷᠭᠠᠨᠢᠭ ᠰᠢᠶᠠᠩᠴᠠᠩ ᠪᠠᠶᠢᠨ᠎ᠠ᠂ ᠵᠢᠱᠢᠶᠡᠯᠡᠪᠡᠯ ᠰᠠᠯᠠᠮᠢ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠦᠨᠦᠷ᠂ ᠰᠢᠶᠠᠩᠴᠠᠩ ᠪᠤᠶᠤ ᠡᠯᠢᠭᠡᠨ ᠭᠡᠳᠡᠰᠦ ᠪᠠᠶᠢᠨ᠎ᠠ᠃ ᠮᠢᠬ᠎ᠠ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠳᠡᠯᠭᠡᠭᠦᠷ Landfrauau ᠨᠢ ᠮᠢᠬ᠎ᠠ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠳᠡᠯᠭᠡᠭᠦᠷ ᠢᠶᠡᠷ ᠪᠠᠷᠠᠬᠤ ᠦᠭᠡᠢ ᠂ ᠪᠠᠰᠠ ᠨᠢᠭᠡ ᠵᠢᠵᠢᠭ ᠠᠷᠢᠬᠢᠨ ᠮᠣᠬᠣᠯᠠᠭ ᠂ ᠲᠠ ᠡᠨᠳᠡ ᠥᠪᠡᠷ ᠦᠨ ᠦᠢᠯᠡᠳᠬᠦᠨ ᠢᠶᠡᠷ ᠢᠶᠡᠨ ᠦᠢᠯᠡᠳᠦᠭᠰᠡᠨ ᠠᠮᠲᠠᠲᠤ ᠠᠮᠲᠠᠲᠤ ᠢᠳᠡᠭᠡᠨ ᠢᠶᠡᠨ ᠡᠳ᠋ᠯᠡᠵᠦ ᠪᠣᠯᠣᠨ᠎ᠠ ᠃

5. ᠴᠢᠨ᠋ᠸ᠎ᠠ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠮᠢᠬ᠎ᠠ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠳᠡᠯᠭᠡᠭᠦᠷ ᠄ ᠴᠢᠨ᠋ᠸ᠎ᠠ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠮᠢᠬ᠎ᠠ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠳᠡᠯᠭᠡᠭᠦᠷ ᠪᠣᠯ ᠨᠢᠭᠡ ᠤᠯᠠᠮᠵᠢᠯᠠᠯᠲᠤ ᠭᠠᠷ ᠤᠷᠠᠯᠠᠯ ᠤᠨ ᠮᠢᠬ᠎ᠠ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠳᠡᠯᠭᠡᠭᠦᠷ ᠂ 1898 ᠣᠨ ᠠᠴᠠ ᠨᠠᠰᠢ ᠣᠷᠣᠰᠢᠵᠤ ᠪᠠᠶᠢᠨ᠎ᠠ ᠂ ᠣᠳᠣ ᠨᠢᠭᠡᠨᠲᠡ ᠲᠠᠪᠤᠳᠤᠭᠠᠷ ᠦᠶ᠎ᠡ ᠪᠣᠯᠵᠠᠢ ᠃ ᠸᠤᠯᠹ ᠮᠢᠬ᠎ᠠ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠳᠡᠯᠭᠡᠭᠦᠷ ᠬᠠᠭᠤᠴᠢᠨ ᠢᠳᠡᠭᠡᠨ ᠦ ᠴᠠᠳᠢᠭ ᠢ ᠦᠨᠳᠦᠰᠦᠯᠡᠨ ᠦᠢᠯᠡᠳᠦᠭᠰᠡᠨ ᠡᠯ᠎ᠡ ᠵᠦᠢᠯ ᠦᠨ ᠮᠢᠬᠠᠨ ᠤ ᠵᠦᠢᠯ ᠪᠣᠯᠣᠨ ᠰᠢᠶᠠᠩᠴᠠᠩ ᠤᠨ ᠪᠥᠲᠥᠭᠡᠭᠳᠡᠬᠦᠨ ᠬᠠᠩᠭᠠᠨ᠎ᠠ ᠃ ᠮᠢᠬ᠎ᠠ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠶᠠᠰᠤ ᠴᠢᠨᠠᠷ ᠢ ᠨᠠᠷᠢᠨ ᠨᠢᠮᠪᠠᠢ ᠰᠣᠩᠭᠣᠭᠰᠠᠨ ᠬᠠᠩᠭ᠋ᠠᠭᠴᠢ ᠬᠤᠳᠠᠯᠳᠤᠭᠠᠴᠢᠨ ᠪᠣᠯᠣᠨ ᠡᠶᠡᠯᠳᠡᠭ ᠡᠶᠡᠯᠳᠡᠭ ᠪᠣᠯᠪᠠᠰᠤᠷᠠᠭᠤᠯᠬᠤ ᠪᠠᠷ ᠳᠠᠮᠵᠢᠨ ᠪᠠᠲᠤᠯᠠᠵᠠᠢ ᠃ ᠮᠢᠬᠠᠨ ᠤ ᠳᠡᠯᠭᠡᠭᠦᠷ ᠨᠢ ᠸᠯᠹ ᠲᠡᠭᠦᠨ ᠦ ᠠᠮᠲᠠᠲᠤ ᠠᠮᠲᠠᠲᠤ ᠠᠮᠲᠠᠲᠤ ᠠᠮᠲᠠ ᠪᠠᠷ ᠢᠶᠠᠨ ᠠᠯᠳᠠᠷᠰᠢᠵᠠᠢ ᠂ ᠵᠢᠱᠢᠶᠡᠯᠡᠪᠡᠯ ᠭᠠᠬᠠᠢ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠮᠢᠬ᠎ᠠ ᠂ ᠰᠦ᠋ ᠪᠤᠶᠤ ᠰᠢᠷᠠᠭᠰᠠᠨ ᠦᠬᠡᠷ ᠃ ᠲᠠ ᠪᠠᠰᠠ ᠨᠣᠭᠣᠭ᠎ᠠ ᠰᠣᠯᠢᠬᠤ ᠦᠳᠡ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠬᠣᠭᠣᠯᠠᠨ ᠤ ᠨᠡᠷᠡᠰ ᠦᠨ ᠬᠠᠭᠤᠳᠠᠰᠤ ᠵᠠᠬᠢᠶᠠᠯᠠᠨ ᠬᠤᠳᠠᠯᠳᠤᠨ ᠠᠪᠴᠤ ᠪᠣᠯᠣᠨ᠎ᠠ᠃

ᠡᠳᠡᠭᠡᠷ ᠪᠣᠯ ᠪᠢᠳᠡ ᠮᠦᠨᠢᠾᠧᠩ ᠳᠦ ᠬᠠᠮᠤᠭ ᠤᠨ ᠰᠠᠢ᠌ᠨ 5 ᠠᠯᠠᠭᠠᠴᠢᠨ ᠪᠣᠯᠣᠨ᠎ᠠ ᠃ ᠲᠠ ᠳᠠᠷᠠᠭ᠎ᠠ ᠤᠳᠠᠭ᠎ᠠ ᠡᠨᠡ ᠬᠣᠲᠠ ᠳᠤ ᠠᠶᠢᠯᠴᠢᠯᠠᠬᠤ ᠦᠶ᠎ᠡ ᠳᠦ ᠲᠡᠭᠦᠨ ᠦ ᠳᠣᠲᠣᠷᠠᠬᠢ ᠨᠢᠭᠡ ᠶᠢ ᠲᠤᠷᠰᠢᠵᠤ ᠂ ᠥᠪᠡᠷ ᠢ ᠪᠡᠨ ᠶᠠᠰᠤ ᠴᠢᠨᠠᠷ ᠪᠣᠯᠣᠨ ᠠᠮᠲᠠ ᠶᠢ ᠰᠡᠵᠢᠭᠯᠡᠬᠦ ᠦᠭᠡᠢ ᠪᠠᠶᠢᠬᠤ ᠶᠢ ᠬᠦᠰᠡᠵᠦ ᠪᠠᠶᠢᠨ᠎ᠠ ᠃ ᠡᠳ᠋ᠯᠡᠨ ᠬᠡᠷᠡᠭᠯᠡᠭᠡᠷᠡᠢ !

Münchener Skyline und der Dom.